Good oral hygiene practices are learned from an early age and are the only weapons to stem oral diseases (caries, gingivitis, periodontitis) that afflict the adult population. Throughout the world, dental caries is a disease that absorbs the most resources for treatment.
In our country this statement is confirmed by an epidemiological study conducted on a national scale by the WHO Collaborating Centre for Community Epidemiology and Dentistry and aimed at collecting data on the oral health of Italian children. The survey analyzed individuals aged 4 years (5,538) and 12 years (5,342), revealing that just over 20% of children at the age of 4 already have caries and that the percentage doubles (about 43%) in children aged 12 years.
As we said, proper oral hygiene, practiced since childhood, significantly reduces oral health problems as adults. But how can we help children develop healthy oral health habits? Here are a few tips that will help you between visits to your dentist and ensure your children have a bright smile for life.
CARIES IN CHILDREN: RULES AND ADVICE FOR PREVENTION
HOW TO GET HIM USED TO THE DENTIST
First of all, we know that it is not easy to say to get a child used to the idea of the dentist. To prevent the first visit from being a trauma to your child that could take him or her all his or her life, a good move could be to take him or her to the check-ups. It is very important, however, that you pay attention to the attitudes that you assume, in fact many parents have bad memories of past experiences at the dentist and could convey negative messages without even noticing.
DID YOU KNOW THAT THE TOOTHBRUSH “GROWS” WITH THE CHILD?
The second rule to follow is to take into account the fact that caries prevention should be tailored to age groups. It is very important that the toothbrush you use is the one that suits your child’s needs and age. Up to the age of 2, it is better to prefer those with a long handle, to facilitate the grip by the mother, who must still help the child to wash his first teeth correctly. From the age of 3, toothbrushes with small heads and soft bristles with ergonomic handles can be used to guide the child’s hand to position the toothbrush at the correct angle of 45°.
7 SIMPLE RULES AGAINST DENTAL CARIES
Finally, here are the general rules we believe should be followed to avoid and prevent dental caries in children.
- Teach your children how to brush;
- Make sure they do it at least twice a day (after breakfast and before going to bed);
- buy soft bristled toothbrushes for them (hard bristled ones scratch the gums);
- change your toothbrush every three months or earlier if it appears worn;
- two minutes is the minimum time necessary for a good cleaning of the teeth, use a timer to help children to take into account the time;
- prevents them from taking sugary and gummy drinks and foods;
- Make sure they make at least two visits a year to the dentist.
MILK TEETH SHOULD BE CARED FOR
One last thing that is not always taken into account by parents is the care of milk teeth. Even if they are destined to fall, it is still essential to subject them to check-ups and any operations such as: fillings and extractions. This is the only way to ensure healthy growth of the jaw and teeth, which will have to sprout tomorrow.
We know that the economic burden for dental care is not indifferent, so we recommend that you consider insurance policies that can guarantee a good percentage of savings for the dental care of your children.